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Warts

  • What is the warts?

Warts are caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), frequently occur on the face, hands and feet. Warts are hard, callous-like benign growths on the skin which can have a ‘cauliflower’ appearance. There are different types of warts. Hand and foot warts are the most common ones. In addition to hand and foot warts, there are also water warts, skin tags and genital warts



    



  • Types of Warts:

1. Common Warts: It usually appear on finger, knee and palm with skin or brown color. It appear as rough surface, can also appear as one tablet or up to 10x tablets.




2. Planter Warts: It usually develops on the sole of the foot, where they are usually flattened by the pressure of walking, surrounded by thickened skin. When you are walking, it can be so painful as one tablet up to 10x tablets.



3. Genital warts are warts that develop on or around the penis, vagina or anus. They are considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD). The virus can be transmitted via the mucous membranes in the vagina, anus, penis or mouth during intercourse. Not everyone who comes into contact with the virus will develop genital warts. Genital warts are pinkish-red or grey-white in color and vary in size from 1 and 5 mm. They are often grouped closely together and therefore have a ‘cauliflower’ appearance. Genital warts are a type of STD and argenital warts highly contagious. People are usually infected when they have unprotected sex. However, protected sex with a condom does not guarantee 100% protection. The virus can also be passed on by using a damp towel or flannel.



4. Water warts are pink, white or pearl-coloured bumps which tend to have a dot in the middle. Water warts are usually spread out across the skin and they are usually small and vary in size between 1 and 8 mm. They can occur anywhere and often group together in clusters. The most common places water warts occur are on the torso, upper arms, thighs, under the armpits, the elbows and bottom. This virus frequently occurs in young children aged between 1 and 4. One of the reasons that children are susceptible to this infection is due to their immune system not being strong enough to combat the virus. The virus also spreads when the water wart bursts or is scratched. The content of the water warts contains the virus. Children with eczema are often more likely to develop water warts as they scratch itchy spots which leaves their skin vulnerable to infection.

  • Treatment
There is still no medicine that is able to kill those bacteria and recurrence rate, and only by the immune system to cover. The side effect of those external used medicine are high. Also it can not ensure the warts appear other elsewhere in the body. Treatment of removing the warts, The following procedure is under the local anesthesia:

 Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy refers to the use of -196°C liquid nitrogen to spray over the abnormal skin tissues and trigger the freezing and damage of these tissues. When this process is completed, the damaged tissues will automatically fall off. But it usually takes several treatment sessions to cure.
Surgical excision (combined treatment)
Depends on your situation, surgeon can remove your warts using different methods After giving you a local anesthetic, those methods include:
1. Cutting them off with scissors
2. Using a laser to remove them (curettage laser), that use carbon dioxide laser to vaporize and destroys the warts.
3. Burning them off using electrocautery, a process that uses a low-voltage electrical probe
In most cases, you won’t need stitches after surgery.
  • After care

1. The Warts are only in the skin surface, the treatment will not damage the skin and caused the scars.

2. After the treatment, mild pain may occur, normally 2 to 3 days.

*All surgical procedures are performed in the day procedure centre registered under Private Healthcare Facilities Register, Department of Health