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Genital warts

  • Genital warts

Genital warts are warts that caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and develop on or around the penis, vagina or anus. They are considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Genital warts are pinkish-red or grey-white in color and vary in size from 1 and 5 mm. They are often grouped closely together and therefore have a ‘cauliflower’ appearance. Genital warts are a type of STD and argenital warts highly contagious. The virus can be transmitted via the mucous membranes in the vagina, anus, penis or mouth during intercourse. Not everyone who comes into contact with the virus will develop genital warts.

People are usually infected when they have unprotected sex. However, protected sex with a condom does not guarantee 100% protection. The virus can also be passed on by using a damp towel or flannel.




  • Genital warts may appear on:
Genital warts on males may appear on the following areas:
• penis
• scrotum
• groin
• thighs
• inside or around the anus



Genital warts in females may appear on the following area: 
• inside of the vagina or anus
• outside of the vagina or anus
• cervix

Genital warts may also appear on the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person. Even if you cannot see genital warts, they may still cause symptoms, such as:
• abnormal vaginal discharge
• itching
• bleeding
• burning

If genital warts spread or become enlarged, the condition can be uncomfortable or even painful.

  • Treatment

There is still no medicine that is able to kill those bacteria and recurrence rate, and only by the immune system to cover. The side effect of those external used medicine are high. Also it can not ensure the warts appear other elsewhere in the body. Treatment of removing the warts, The following procedure is under the local anesthesia:.

Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy refers to the use of -196°C liquid nitrogen to spray over the abnormal skin tissues and trigger the freezing and damage of these tissues. When this process is completed, the damaged tissues will automatically fall off. But it usually takes several treatment sessions to cure.

 Surgical excision (combined treatment)
Depends on your situation, surgeon can remove your warts using different methods After giving you a local anesthetic, those methods include:
1. Cutting them off with scissors
2. Using a laser to remove them (curettage laser), that use carbon dioxide laser to vaporize and destroys the warts.
3. Burning them off using electrocautery, a process that uses a low-voltage electrical probe
In most cases, you won’t need stitches after surgery.
There will be suggested to inject the HPV vaccine. It is because according to the research, people who were infected or are currently infected with HPV should also get vaccinated in order to lower the risk of getting infected with other HPV types.

*All surgical procedures are performed in the day procedure centre registered under Private Healthcare Facilities Register, Department of Health